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Posted By Topic: Fiqh behind combining prayers

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13-01-2006 @ 8:32 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified (unspecified)
Posts: 34
Joined: Apr 2003
Assalamu alaikum wa rahmattullahi wa barakatuhu,
What is the fiqh(wisdom/understanding) behind combining as-salawaat due to inclement weather(i.e snow or torrential rains), and is it permissible for someone to combine the prayer for this reason even if they have the ability to work. For example, if their job entails driving, and they have the ability to drive and are not immobilized by these conditions, should they still combine or is this concession a mercy ONLY for the ones who will be returning home because they can not function under such conditions?
BarakaAllahu Feekum,
Wa assalam

15-01-2006 @ 12:57 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Umm Rizqin unspecified (As-shehr,Yemen)
Posts: 69
Joined: Mar 2005
Assalamualaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

Hope this helps insha Allah


As for (the question), ?Is combining (the prayers) permissible when shortening is allowed?? Then we say, ?Combining (the prayers) is not associated with shortening. Rather, combining is associated with a need.? So whenever the person needs to combine whether he is traveling or not, then let him combine. For this, the people combine because of rain, which due to it; it would be a hardship to return to the masaajid. Also, the people combine if there is harsh, cold wind during the days of winter, which due to it, it would be a hardship to go out to the masaajid. He combines if he fears losing his wealth or any harm in it, or whatever is similar to that - the person combines (his prayers). It is reported in Saheeh Muslim from ?Abdullaah ibn ?Abbaas (Radhiallaahu ?Anhum) that he said:

?The Prophet (Sallallaahu ?Alayhi Wa Sallam) combined between Dhuhr and ?Asr, and between Maghrib and Ishaa not due to any fear nor rain.? [2]

They asked, ?Why did he do this?? He said that he did so in order not to cause any hardship upon his Ummah. Meaning, he did not want to place any hardship that would make one leave the congregation.

This is the condition - whenever the person finds a hardship which would lead him to leave off the congregation, then it is permissible for him to combine. If there is no hardship upon him, then he doesn?t combine.

However, traveling is most likely to place a hardship which would lead to leaving the congregation. If this is so, then it is permissible for the traveler to combine whether he was in the middle of his journey or has stopped to reside (at his destination). If he is in the middle of his journey, then combining is preferable and if he has stopped traveling (reached his destination) then not combining is preferable.

The exception to this is when a person is residing (reached a destination) in a land where the congregation is established, then it is obligatory to attend the congregation. In that case, he would not combine nor shorten (his prayers). However, if he missed the congregation, then he shortens and does not combine, unless he needs to combine (for some reason).

[2] Reported by Muslim, The Book of The Traveler?s Prayer, Chapter: Combining Between Two Prayers While Residing, no. 705.

Fatawaa regarding travel and praying while traveling
Written by/Said by: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah)
Taken from: Fataawaa Arkaan al-Islaam, Number 312 and 315, Pages 381 and 387

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