Topic: Concerning Reciting Soorat al-Faatihah and Soorat al-Ikhlaas at the place and dwelling of someone deceased after three days? - Al-Lajnat ad-Daa?imah

Abu.AbdirRahman.F    -- 30-05-2003 @ 4:15 PM
السؤال : هل يجوز قراءة سورة الفاتحة وسورة الإخلاص في مكان وسكن متوفى بعد ثلاثة أيام أم هي بدعة سيئة؟

الجواب : لا نعلم دليلاً لا من الكتاب ولا من السنة يدل على مشروعية قراءة سورة الفاتحة وسورة الإخلاص أو غيرهما في مكان أو سكن المتوفى بعد ثلاثة أيام، ولا نعلم أن أحداً من الصحابة أو التابعين أو تابعي التابعين نقل عنه ذلك، والأصل منعه؛ لقول صلى الله عليه وسلم: «من عمل عملاً ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد» ومن ادعى مشروعيته فعليه الدليل.

وبالله التوفيق وصلى الله على نبينا محمد وآله وصحب وسلم

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإفتاء

Question: Is the recitation of Soorat al-Faatihah (i.e. Soorah 1) and Soorat al-?Ikhlaas (i.e. Soorah 112) at the place and dwelling of someone deceased after three days permissible or is it an evil innovation (bid?ah sayyi?ah)?

Answer: We do not know an evidence, not from the Book (al-Kitaab) nor from the Sunnah indicating to and serving as an evidence for  the legitimacy of the recitation of Soorat al-Faatihah and Soorat al-?Ikhlaas or other than those two at the place and dwelling of the deceased after three days, nor do we know that anyone from the Sahaabah (Companions) or the Taabi?een (those who came after them) or the Taabi?ee at-Taabi?een (i.e. those who came after the Taabi?een) had that reported from him, and the foundation is its prohibition; due to the statement (of the Prophet) Sallallaahu ?alayhi wa-Sallam: "Whoever does an action not according to our affair then it is rejected." And whoever claims its legitimacy then upon him is (the bringing of) the evidence (ad-daleel).

And through Allaah is the (granting of) Success (at-Tawfeeq), and may Allaah extol and grant peace and security to our Prophet Muhammad and also his true followers and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for (Islaamic) Knowledge Based Research and Issuing of Religious Verdicts (Al-Lajnat ad-Daa?imah lil-Buhooth al-?Ilmiyyah wal-?Iftaa?)

Link to Arabic Fatwaa Source

أبو عبد الرحمن الأثري

?Abu ?Abdir-Rahmaan al-?Atharee

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