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Posted By Topic: Criticizing the ruler in Public in a 'Democratic' country

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sajid_chauhan_81
09-29-2008 @ 8:00 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Can someone please ask this question to one of the Ulemah or point me to a book/tape/website which answers it.

Is it permissible to publicly criticize a Muslim ruler in a "Democratic" country? For example, till some months ago General Musharraf was the Ruler of Pakistan and he used to claim that Pakistan is a democracy and he advocated democracy for Pakistan. He even claimed that the Press was free and there were many articles which criticized him and his government in the newspapers and media. And even now Pakistan has a Muslim Prime-Minister and there are various opposition parties. The media criticizes them and their policies. And these leaders don't seem to even mind the criticism.

Is it persmissible to criticize such a President or Prime-Minister in such situations or are we still obliged to follow the Prophetic methodology of giving naseeha in private?

abu.jameelah.m
09-30-2008 @ 9:03 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Jameelah Michael ibn 'Abdullaah (Columbia, SC)
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As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakatuhu, I will say that in our deen there is a very well known priniciple which is in short, there is no obedience to the creation over obedience to The Creator(Alaah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala). In this case since we know that it is not permissible to speak out against the ruler in public as it can lead to uprisings and other fitaan, we do not do it...PERIOD. It does not matter about who has an opinion after the commandments of Allaah and His messenger(and we know everything Rasoolullaah commanded was wahyee i.e. revelation or guidance from Allaah and not from his whims nor desires) walhamdulillaah; Therefore criticizing the ruler in public is not permissible no matter who may say that it is.



An excerpt from the commentary of the hadeeth of Tameem ad-Daaree regarding naseehah, Imaam An-Nawawee's(Rahimahullah Ta'ala) commented as follows:



quote:
Sincerity to the Leaders is to help them upon the truth. To obey them in it. To order them with it. To remind and advise them with kindness and gentleness. To remind them of that which they are heedless and neglectful of. To help them fulfill those rights of the Muslims that have not reached them yet. Not to rebel against them. To enamour the hearts of the people with obedience to them. Imaam al-Khattaabee - rahimahullaah ż says, żFrom sincerity to them is Prayer behind them, Jihaad along with them, to give the zakaat (charity) to them, and not to rebel against them with the sword when injustice or bad treatment appears from them. And that they are not praised with false praises, and that dużaa (supplication) is made for their righteousness.ż All of this is based upon the fact that what is meant by the leader of the Muslims is the Caliph, and other than him from the administrators who take charge of the affairs of the Muslims. Imaam al-Khattaabee also quotes it, then says, żAnd it has also been taken to refer to the Imaams ż who are the scholars of the Religion. And that sincerity to them includes accepting accepting what they report, following them as regards rulings, and to have good thoughts about them.ż
One may say that this only applies to the Khulafah and not leaders in general and I say to that person, "The burden of Proof is upon you?".

References:

troid.org

see Sincerity and Sincere Advice



Akhook Fid-Deen Abu Jameelah Michael Latham



Abu Jameelah

Ibnnoor
10-01-2008 @ 4:21 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Abu Musa'ab Muhammed Abdullah Nishil ibn Noorudheen Al-Hindee (India)
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On openly criticising the Muslim ruler.  
Question:

Is it permissible to openly criticise the Muslim ruler in front of a gathering and the people?

Answer:

We have spoken about this issue many times before! It is not permissible to speak about the rulers because this brings about evil and differing in the society and it splits the unity of the Muslims and cause hatred between the ruler and the ruled. And this splitting and evil leads to rebellion against the ruler and the shedding of blood and matters which have blameworthy consequences. So if you have a comment about them, take it to the ruler secretly by visiting him, if possible, or by writing to him or by informing someone who can convey it to the ruler as a sincere advice to him, and it should be done secretly not openly and this has been mentioned in the hadeeth, żWhoever wishes to advise the ruler, then let him not mention it in public, rather let him take the ruler by his hand. So if he listens then that is that, and if not then he has fulfilled that which was upon him.ż And this meaning has been reported from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahualaihi wasallam).

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Al-Ijaabaat al-Muhimmah fee Mashaakil il-Mudlahimmahż by Muhammad bin Fahad al-Husayn


The first step in knowledge is to listen, then to be quiet and attentive, then to preserve it, then to put it into practice and then to spread it.[Sufyan Ibn Unaiynah(Rahimahullah)]
Jazakhulla khair Wa Barakallah Feekum,Nishil

sajid_chauhan_81
11-07-2008 @ 8:01 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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During the time of the Salaf, either a person was "the Ruler"(Khalifah or his representative like the Governors,etc.) or from "the Ruled". And Qur'aan and Sunnah showed clearly how each one has to behave in all circumstances. Similarly this Ruler was either a Muslim or a Non-Muslim and again it was clear that rebelling against this Muslim Ruler was forbidden and criticizing him in the gathering and on the pulpits was forbidden.

During the current era, there is no Khalifah. However, we do have Muslims who are Presidents, Kings, Leaders, etc. So, there is a need to establish the Khilafah once again and no Muslim denies that. However, what is the manhaj of doing that? And till the Khilafah is restored, how do we deal with these Muslim Kings, Presidents,etc.?  Should we consider them to be Wulaat ul-Amr or not? What do Qur'aan and Sunnah tell us?

Anyone who looks closely and uses his/her mind will have to agree that Allaah hasn't left us without guidance and we need to treat these Muslim leaders as Wulaat ul Amr and obey them as long as it doesn't involve disobedience to Allaah and in case we have to advise them, then it should be in private. And mashAllaah the Imaams of our times like Ibn Baaz rahimahullaah and others were upon this minhaaj.

Those sects who oppose The Jamaah in this issue, like Hizb ut tahrir, Jamate islami, Ikhwaanul Muslimeen and others are clearly in error and have no proof whatsoever for their positions.

Read the beneficial article by Brother Abu Iyaad hafidhahullaah http://www.troid.org/manhaj/working-with-groups-parties/concerning-the-multiplicity-of-muslim-rulers-12.html

And here is a beneficial audio by Shaykh Anjaree hafidhahullaah debating with a takfeeree http://www.troid.org/media/audio/zztakfeeree.mp3

ummmusa88
12-20-2008 @ 9:29 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Umm Musa bint Muhammad (New York)
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Asalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakaatuh,

I often get this question, and I ask myself this too, that does this ruling
apply to the women presidents of Muslim countries, such as Bangladesh? Are
they even considered rulers according to Islam? I know there is a hadith
saying that a place will never prosper with a woman leading it (I don't have
the referrence right now, inshaAllah someone can bring that in: I believed
this was said pertaining to Persia at that time, wa Allahu 'alam).

Anyhow, I figured it's best not to talk about the female rulers either, just
because it's still bad since it would be backbiting.. and it amounts to no
good speech anyhow.

sajid_chauhan_81
12-21-2008 @ 10:56 PM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Refer http://www.troid.org/media/pdf/femaleledprayer.pdf page 6 for the hadeeth and it's reference. In the article Brother Ali Yahya mentions

"Although it was said in a particular context, its wording is general, and as such, scholars have used it as evidence that a woman should not lead men in prayer." End quote.

Imaam Al-Shawkaani (rahimahullah) said:
There is no stern warning greater than stating that they will never prosper, and the most important issue is to rule according to the rulings of Allaah (subhaanu wa ta'ala), and therefore this warning applies more emphatically to women. Al-Sayl al-Jaraar (4/273)

sajid_chauhan_81
07-02-2009 @ 1:59 AM    Notify Admin about this post
unspecified ساجد (Mumbai (India))
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Posts: 2031
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There are some good attachments here which will further clear some doubts inshAllah.

zejd.peqin
02-08-2011 @ 4:24 PM    Notify Admin about this post
Zayd Abu Ubayd (Peqin,Albania)
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Posts: 795
Joined: Oct 2008
          
The Characteristics of Modern-Day Khawārij as Told by the Rulings of Modern-Day Scholars


http://www.answering-extremism.com/ae/reader.aspx?file=ae_various_2.pdf






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