Explaining "La ilaha illa Allah" with Al-Hakimiyyah
The fourth question of Fatwa no. 17749
Q 4: I have read the Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) no. 9234 in "Majallat Al-Buhuth Al-Islamiyyah (Magazine of Islamic Research)" issue no. 33 but I am uncertain whether I understood the answer correctly. However, according to my understanding, the author of the book in question used a sentence unsuitable to be used with Allah and was disrespectful to Allah (may He be Glorified). Nevertheless, the intended meaning is correct. The only problematic thing is that I think the concerned author explained Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah) as only referring to Al-Hakimiyyah (the true rule of Allah) which is an incomplete explanation, as this is not the first thing to which prophets and messengers called their people. Please clarify the Fatwa and explain it to us.
A: The explanation of Muhammad Qutb to Al-Hakimiyyah in the book that you referred to is incorrect. The correct explanation of the great word "La ilaha illa Allah" is that there is no true deity worthy of worship except Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted). Allah (may He be Exalted) says:
Surah Al-Hajj, 22: 62 That is because Allıh ı He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Bıtil (falsehood). And verily, Allıh ı He is the Most High, the Most Great. This explanation was given by former and recent scholars. As for Al-Hakimiyyah, it represents one aspect of what "La ilaha illa Allah" means. May Allah increase your knowledge and insight!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'
Bakr Abu Zayd Salih Al-Fawzan ` Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh ` Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz