|| Topic: Fabricated hadeeth: "Learn knowledge, for learning it is a type of khashyah..."
Joined: Sep 2002
Can you verify this quote from Jami'u Bayani Al-'Ilm vol.1 p. 66 Is the quote saheeh " meaning as a hadeeth ? |
Mu'adh ibn Jabal Radi Allaahu Ta'ala 'anhu who stated that the Messenger of Allaah Salla Allaahu 'alahi wa Sallam said in a Khutbah:
"Learn Al-Ilm (knowledge), for learning it is a type of khashyah (Fear) of Allaah, seeking it is an act of worship, studying it is a type of Tasbih, searching for it is a Jihaad, teaching it to those who do not know is a charity and delivering it to those worthy of it is an act of drawing closer to Allaah.... it is a weapon to use against the enemies....
Allaah elevates some people by knowledge to the rank of leaders in
righteousness who are followed, their actions imitated and their opinions
referred to.... with knowledge the slave reaches the ranks of the
righteous and the elevated grades in this dunya and the Hereafter. Thinking about knowledge is equivalent to Siyam (fasting), and studying it is equivalent to Qiyam (praying at night voluntarily).... Only the happy ones are endowed with knowledge while the miserable ones are deprived of it."
For complete Khutbah read Jami'u Bayani Al-'Ilm vol.1 p. 66
That hadeeth is mawdhoo' (fabricated), however its meaning (in general) is nice. Ibn 'Abdil-Barr says after mentioning it, "This hadeeth is hasan jiddan (very hasan), but it does not have a strong chain." So when he said hasan, he was using the linguistic meaning (nice, fine), referring to the meaning, and not the technical meaning the scholars of hadeeth use (acceptable, authentic). This is clear since the second part of the statement refers to the chain, showing that the first part was not.
Here's the chain:
1 Ubayd ibn Muhammad
2 Muhammad ibn Abdillaah al-Qaadhee
3 Muhammad ibn Ayyoob
4 Ubayd Allaah ibn Muhammad al-Kalaa'ee
5 Moosaa ibn Muhammad ibn 'Ataa'
6 Abdur-Raheem ibn Zayd al-'Ammee
7 his father, Zayd ibn al-Hawaaree
8 al-Hasan al-Basree
9 Mu'aath ibn Jabal
Here are some of the problems:
In the chain is a liar, Moosaa ibn Muhammad (#5), narrating from another liar, Abdur-Raheem ibn Zayd (#6), from his dha'eef father (#7), from Al-Hasan (#8) from Mu'aath (#9), whom al-Hasan never met!
ath-Thahabee called Moosaa (#5) a kath-thaab in al-Mughnee fidh-Dhu'afaa' (2/442), and Ibn Hibbaan mentions that Abdur-Raheem ibn Zayd (#6) fabricated narrations and relayed them from his father (#7) in al-Majrooheen (2/150-151), just to support what I have said.
So in no way is it permissible to mention this as a hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam). It comes with another chain as the speech of Mu'aath, however that one is also dha'eef at least, and Allaah knows best.
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك
أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت
أستغفرك وأتوب إليك
Joined: Sep 2002
Barak'Allahu'feek akhi for the haqq on that hadith.
Baarak-Allaahu Feekum - wa sal-Allaahu wa-sallam 'alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad,
was-Salaam 'alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahe wa-Barakaatuh.
Abu' Salafiyoon Faruq Al-Fauzani As-Salafi 'ibn Fuqua
-From the Salafis of Columbus, Ohio-